A location where railcars are sorted and classified based on their final destination.
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What is a Classification Yard?
A classification yard in shipping, also known as a hump yard or marshaling yard, is a specialized railway yard used for sorting and classifying freight cars according to their destination.
In a classification yard, incoming trains are separated into individual cars, and the cars are then sorted and grouped according to their final destination. The process involves using a special track arrangement known as a hump, which allows cars to be pushed over a hill and then gravity to move the cars to their designated track.
The goal of a classification yard is to efficiently and accurately sort freight cars to maximize the efficiency of train movements and reduce the time required for loading and unloading. Classification yards are typically used in larger rail yards and play a critical role in the transportation of goods by rail.
Related Glossary terms
→ National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC)
→ National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA)
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